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Data analysis methods suited to the NIPN set-up (3/3)

3. Analysis of the cost-effectiveness of interventions requires a research setting

  • Measuring the cost-effectiveness of interventions requires the comparison of different interventions, measuring their relative impact, and measuring very precisely all direct and indirect costs related to the interventions.
  • It typically requires a research setting and a rigorous scientific study design to collect this data.
  • A cost-effectiveness analysis is not suited to the NIPN approach, which does not aim to collect new data, but rather make use of existing data collected in population-based surveys.
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Example of a cost-effectiveness study
The REFANI Pakistan study – a cluster randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of cash-based transfer programmes on child nutrition status: study protocol. (Source: Fenn B., Sangrasi G.M., Puett C., Trenouth L and Pietzsch S. 2015. The REFANI Pakistan study—a cluster randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of cash-based transfer programmes on child nutrition status: study protocol. BMC Public Health 15(1044). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2380-3).