The 3N Initiative (I3N) “les Nigériens Nourrissent les Nigériens” (“Nigeriens feed Nigeriens”), chaired by the country’s President, is the general framework to achieve food and nutrition security targets by 2035 and is based on a multi-sectoral and multi-agency approach. It translates into policy the political ambition to have a society free from hunger, productive, self-sufficient and equitable. More specifically, the I3N strategy for Food and Nutrition Security and Sustainable Agricultural Development aims to strengthen the agricultural sector while also boosting resilience during food crises and improve the population’s nutritional status by tackling the root causes of food and nutrition insecurity.
The National Multi-sectoral Nutritional Security Policy (PNSN), launched by the Government in 2016, is the first multi-sectoral nutrition security strategy for Niger. The PNSN determines roles and responsibilities for the management and coordination of all stakeholders including donors, technical providers, civil society and the private sector. It will also have a multi-sectoral plan with budget resources. To strengthen the impact of nutrition actions in Niger, all actors in nutrition, under the Ministry of Public Health leadership, agreed on the necessity to implement large-scale interventions aimed to prevent stunting. The national strategy to prevent stunting, an inclusive document with the objective to reduce the prevalence of stunted children through the First 1,000-days approach and multisectoral integrated interventions, was drawn up in 2013 and is included in the PNSN and I3N strategic frameworks.
The multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder committee of the Strategic Nutrition Programme (MCSP4), with the Ministry of Public Health as the president, is the SUN platform placed under the management of the interministerial guidance committee of the I3N. Civil society engages in the multi-stakeholder platform. There is no network for private sector nutrition specialists, but it is under development. A network of members of parliament for nutrition and food security has also been established. There is a network of research and academic bodies, which includes all nutrition researchers and educators. This has a representative in the SUN platform.
The implementation of the National Information Platform for Nutrition in Niger is led at the political level by the I3N, which will convene the NIPN policy advisory committee. The NIPN analysis unit will be created within the National Institute of Statistics (INS), where capacity to manage, analyse and disseminate nutrition-related information and data will be built. Operations for NIPN implementation started in September 2017.